M ost people think of research as either highbrow or impractical. Research is an organized method of finding out what you are going to do when you can't keep on doing what you are doing now.

--Charles Kettering

The field of special education has gone through many changes in the last few years. Educators need to learn more about specific disabilities and stay current on topics. Use these links to keep informed. As I add links to each disability, I will add the definitions to each found in the Individuals with Disabilities Act, Public Law 105-17, which was reauthorized in 1997. The final regulations were released in March of 1999. As you may know, the IDEA was reauthorized in the Spring of 2004. We will have to wait awhile for the new regulations. Research has become more important with the enactment of the No Child Left Behind Act.

starMy Dissertation, To Bill or Not to Bill: Medicaid Billing for Special Education Related Services in Arkansas Public Schools, is housed here.

Ever wonder what those acronyms mean? Check this out! Special Education Terms and Acronyms

star My first advisor at Virginia Tech, Phil Jones, used to delight in telling UVA jokes. Nonetheless, the University of Virginia has an excellent database and a great special education program. is the parent organization for Layered Curriculum™ and This is THE website for educators, parents, and others wanting to stay up-to-date on what's coming out of neuropsychology research as it pertains to education. Don't just learn about brain imaging studies - find out how to apply them in your classroom and at home! . NO PAID SUBSCRIPTIONS OR MEMBERSHIP FEES! We have hosted Dr. Nunley for staff development. She is informative, funny and entertaining all at once.

The University of Kentucky offers the The Behavior Homepage, taking you from routine behavior management to crisis situations. Great site!

The International Reading Association gives you the latest information teaching reading.

Have you every wondered about the indications and side effects of prescription medicines your students are taking? The Top 200 Prescriptions are listed here.

Michigan State University's American Sign Language Browser web site allows you to look up thousands of ASL signs. Each sign includes a QuickTime video clip and interesting explanation.

The American Educational Reseach Association has information for all segments of education.

This guide, based on Marjan Glavac’s book by same title, provides an extensive alphabetical list of links to websites of interest to K-12 educators, as well as top sites for parents and kids. It also includes reviews of books and educational games; and features the Busy Educator's Newsletter, a monthly mailing of favorite educational sites, strategies, ideas and updates to Ms. Glavac’s book.

Let Gloria Rich and Kendra Hanzlik show you their multiage inclusion program.

The University of Kansas has the top rated special education program in the US as ranked by US News & World report.

The Missouri Technology Center for Special Education provides information, training and technical assistance to Missouri's special educators interested in effectively integrating computer technology into their curriculum.

The FRC is a special education technical assistance project funded by the U.S. Department of Education's Office of Special Education and Rehabilitative Services, and is part of the Regional Resource and Federal Centers Network.

Speech and Language

Speech/language therapy is sometimes considered special education and sometimes considered a related service. Speech or language impairment means a communication disorder, such as stuttering, impaired articulation, a language impairment, or a voice impairment, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. 34 CFR § 300.7 (c)(11)(i)

Learn about speech and language development from Shelby the Speech Dog as she guides you through each stage from birth to 5 years, faqs, sounds and sound charts at Shelby's Speech Spot.

Alicia Courville's Speech Therapy Homepage was designed to provide infomation abot speech language pathology. It includes definitions, therapy procedures, and research in all aspects of speech language pathology, speech therapy techniques, speech therapy assessment, etc.

Net Connections to Communication Disorders and Sciences is a metaguide to internet resources about communication disorders, designed for professionals and students in the fields of speech-language pathology, audiology, speech science, persons with communication disabilities or differences and their support persons.

Speech Paths is a speech pathology community informational resource on the Internet. This website is dedicated to providing information to speech language pathologists, audiologists and related medical specialties.

AdvanceAbility features information on learning to read, a question of the week, a bookstore and links.

The Speech-Language Pathology Website is provided as an information service to anyone interested in learning about speech and language development and associated disorders. It also has links to other sites on the w.w.w. that contain information on related topics.

Caroline Bowen PhD's Home Page has information for families, and SLP students and professional about voice, speech and language problems in children.

KidsEars is devoted to providing relevant and reliable information about children's learning and language development to parents and caregivers.

Visual Impairment

What is a visual impairment? According to the federal regulations it is: Visual impairment including blindness means an impairment in vision that, even with correction, adversely affects a child's educational performance. The term includes both partial sight and blindness. 34 CFR § 300.7 (c)(13)

V. I. Guide Home Page, for parents and teachers contains information on many topics pertaining to parenting and teaching a child with visual impairments.

The Blindness Resource Center has thousands of links related to braille, eye conditions, vendors and access technology for the blind and visually impaired.

American Foundation for the Blind, a U.S. nonprofit organization enabling blind or visually impaired people to achieve equality and access. Provides information and referrals about living with visual impairment.

TravelVision, Orientation and Mobility Services features blindness resources, orientation and mobility training for blind and low-vision adults, sighted guide instruction, seminars for health-care professionals, Other Visions e-zine. Similar Pages

Insight for the Blind records books and magazines on tape for free distribution to blind persons and those with other physical handicaps that prevent reading in the conventional manner. Material is also recorded expressly for small children and young people for both school studies and recreational reading.

Insight for the Blind's goal is to help print handicapped individuals become better informed with an independence that leads to a higher quality of life.

What is Blindness? demonstrates different types of legal blindness.

The Special Education Exchange is a great wealth of sources for the blind.

The Blindness Resource Center has dozens of links related to blindness and visual impairments.

Vision Related Web Sites lists links for blindness and visual impairments.

Learning Disabilites=

What is a learning disability? IDEA defines a learning disability as:

A disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, that may manifest itself in an imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell, or to do mathematical calculations, including conditions such as perceptual disabilities, brain injury, minimal brain dysfunction, dyslexia, and developmental aphasia. 34 CFR § 300.7 (c)(10)(i)

Disorders not included. The term does not include learning problems that are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor disabilities, of mental retardation, of emotional disturbance, or of environmental, cultural, or economic disadvantage. 34 CFR § 300.7 (c)(10)(ii)

starSchwab Foundation for Learning is the first and only organization to offer customized information and individual responsiveness from professional resource consultants, librarians and information specialists online and over the phone for anyone who has concerns and questions about learning differences.

starLD online is an excellent resource for anyone interested in learning disabilities. The site features audio clips, bulletin boards, the LD calendar, a search feature and first person accounts of living with LD.

Language Based Learning Disability:Remediation Research is a meta-analysis of current LD research

starJust Because We Have A DisAbility Doesn't Mean We BYTE! has simulations, rubberflexing, videos and a 3D world. Created by students with LD.

LS Resources site contains a variety of resources for the learning disabilities community including The LD Reader, articles and essays on LD culture and intelligence; information on the writing process, assitive technology and more.

The National Center for Learning Disabilities is one of the foremost national not-for-profit organizations committed to improving the lives of those affected by learning disabilities.

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder

Attention Deficit Disorder falls under the "Other Health Impairment" Category. Many students eligible for special education services are diagnosed with Attention Deficit Disorder.

star has two documents for parents of children and youth with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD): 1) a guide to ADHD drugs from the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and the American Psychiatric Association, which offers help to families concerned about whether to medicate their child in the wake of recent warnings about side effects of ADHD medications; and 2) a practice parameter which describes the assessment and treatment of children and youth with ADHD based on the current scientific evidence and clinical consensus of experts in the field, including clinical evaluation, comorbid conditions, etiology, and psychopharmacological and psychosocial interventions.

A new site!Some common food colorings and preservatives appear to increase the risk of hyperactive behavior among children, British researchers report. The link between food additives and hyperactivity has long been suspected, but this is the first study to show a direct connection. The findings have already caused the British government's Food Standards Agency, which funded the study, to issue a warning to parents about food additives.

Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder describes symptoms, diagnosits, treatment and research.

DoctorNET Online Attention Deficit Links has many links to ADD sites.

Do You Have ADD? Take the online Attention Deficit Disorder Test

ADDNet UK has a download library, volunteers to answer questions and links.

Do you think that you or your child has ADD with or without Learning Disabilities? If the answer is yes, this webpage is for you.

ADDA's mission is to help people with ADD lead happier, more successful lives through education, research, and public advocacy.

The ADDvance Magazine Resource Site for Women and Girls with Attention Deficit Disorder, the only site on the web dedicated to providing you with the best, most up-to-date information and resources for females with ADD.

CHADD works To improve the lives of people with Attention Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder through education, advocacy, and support.


Autism means a developmental disability significantly affecting verbal and nonverbal communication and social interaction, generally evident before age 3, that adversely affects a child's educational performance. Other characteristics often associated with autism are engagement in repetitive activities and stereotyped movements, resistance to environmental change or change in daily routines, and unusual responses to sensory experiences. The term does not apply if a child's educational performance is adversely affected primarily because the child has an emotional disturbance. 34 CFR § 300.7 (c)

During the past several years I have served as a case manager for students with autism. I have learned a lot from parents, teachers, SLPs, and other administrators. In December 2002 I received an award from FEAT of Southern Nevada for my work on behalf of students with autism.

There is a multitude of studies going on in the area of autism.

A new site! The University of Washington launched one of the nation's first studies on preventing autism in infants and will spend the next four years exploring the benefit of intensive and early therapy on the mysterious disorder. The study is unusual because autism research and treatment has typically focused on treating or reversing but not preventing the neurological disorder.

National Public Radio recently chronicled that Brain researchers are experimenting with a new approach to treating autism. It involves stimulating brain cells called mirror neurons. Those neurons are thought to allow people to imitate and empathize. But in people with autism, they don't work the way they're supposed to.

According to MSNBC, Autism has become culturally acceptable — and a ticket to a larger range of school services and accommodations.

Children exposed to high levels of testosterone before they are born are more likely to develop symptoms of autism, according to an eight-year British study of 253 children. Scientists are still uncertain whether the high levels cause autism or whether autism results in high prenatal testosterone.

A new site!The Bilingual Autism Resource Guide / Guia Bilingüe de Recursos Sobre Autismo includes links on the following topics: What is autism? (¿Qué es Autismo?); Early Signs of Autism (Señales Tempranos de Autismo); Websites of Autism-Related Organizations (Sitios del Internet de Organizaciones Dedicados al Autismo); Special Education (Educación Especial); Medical and Biomedical Interventions and the Science Behind Autism (Intervenciones Médicos y Biomedicos, y la Ciencia de Autismo); Parent Training and Support (Entrenamiento y Apoyo Para Padres); For Teachers and Other Professionals (Para Maestros y Otros Profesionales); Regional and Local Resources (Recursos Regionales y Locales); International organizations (Organizaciones internacionales); and Books in Spanish (Libros en español).

star Helping Children With Autism is an article featuring Alecia M. Ellis, CCC-SLP. I had the privledge of working with Alecia for five years. The article gives an overview of Alecia's work in our Early Childhood demonstration classroom in the Clark County School District. The classroom uses PECs and discrete trial teaching. Alecia was a great advocate for children with autism and we miss her here in Las Vegas.

The Autism Research Institute provides information on research and methods for diagnosing and treating autism. is a resource for parents, professionals, or anyone interested in teaching children with autism or other related developmental disorders. was developed by Jason Wallin to encompass a variety of instructional techniques and philosophies.

A new site!Autism: Interventions and Strategies for Successhas several good articles written by Susan Stokes under a contract with CESA 7 and funded by a discretionary grant from the Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction.

The mission of the Autism Society of America is to promote lifelong access and opportunity for all individuals within the autism spectrum, and their families, to be fully participating, included members of their community.

A new site!Chileda gives us 10 of the most effective strategies for teaching students with autism spectrum disorders; they can be implemented in a variety of educational settings

The National Alliance for Autism Research Provides information concerning the causes, prevention, and effective treatment of autism.

The National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke Autism Information Page provides information on recent research and publications related to autism.

The Center for the Study of Autism provides information about autism to parents and professionals, and conducts research on the efficacy of various therapeutic interventions.

Family Village's Autism Page provides information for families.

OASIS is Online Asperger Syndrome Information and Support

Aspen (Asperger Education Network) is committed to providing the most up-to-date and comprehensive information on social and communication disorders, with particular focus on Asperger Syndrome and Nonverbal Learning Disorder.

GREAT site with a personal description of autism.

Link Collections

Website with listing of all sorts of "Syndromes" including many for deafness.

SayWhatClub is a non-profit internet based organization for people with hearing loss or interested in hearing loss issues.

Integrated Network of Disability Information and Education lists events, news and takes questions.

starThe Instant Access Treasure Chest is the foreign language teacher's guide to learning disabilities and much, much more.

A new site! The IRSC web site is dedicated to communicating information relating to the needs of children with disABILITIES on a global basis. Links to many sites.

List of listserves: find an e-mail discussion list.

Sherry's Special Education Links has lots of great links.

Maddux Special Education Links--from the University of Nevada-Reno

School Psychology Resources Online appeals to school psychologists, other mental health professionals, parents, and educators. Topics include learning disabilities, ADHD, gifted, autism, adolescence, parenting, assessment, classroom management, special education, k-12, mental health, reading, research, and more. Reprint valuable handouts for parents and teachers.

Special Education Internet Sites of interest to teachers, administrators, paraprofessionals, caregivers and parents.

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